Publisher: Kenneth Kee
Publication Date: November 21, 2016
Binding: Kobo eBook
Hematuria is blood in the urine.
Two types of blood in the urine exist:
1. Gross hematuria. - Blood that can be seen in the urine
2. Microscopic hematuria - Blood that cannot be seen in the urine, except when examined with a microscope,.
Red discoloration of the urine can have various causes:
1. Red blood cells
Microscopic hematuria (small amounts of blood, can be seen only on urinalysis or light microscopy)
Macroscopic hematuria (or "frank" or "gross") hematuria
2. Hemoglobin (only the red pigment, not the red blood cells)
3. Myoglobin in myoglobulinuria
4. Porphyrin in porphyria
5. Betanin after eating beets
6. Drugs such as Rifampicin and Phenazopyrine
Diagnosis of Blood in the Urine:
Most people with microscopic hematuria do not have symptoms.
People with gross hematuria have urine that is pink, red, or cola-colored due to the presence of red blood cells (RBCs).
Even a small amount of blood in the urine can cause urine to change color.
In most cases, people with gross hematuria do not have other symptoms.
However, people with gross hematuria that includes blood clots in the urine may have pain.
The urinary system is made up of:
1. 2 Kidneys
2. 2 Ureters
The normal urinary system has one goal only and that is to filter the 200 liters of blood so that its waste material is discharged through the outside though the 2 kidneys as 1.5 liters of urine and its distributing system of 2 ureters to the bladder.
The bladder stores urine until releasing it through urination.
When the bladder empties, urine flows out of the body through a tube called the urethra at the bottom of the bladder.
Mild Hematuria can be caused by:
2. Vigorous exercise,
3. Sexual activity,
4. Viral illness,
6. Infection, such as a urinary tract infection (UTI).
More serious ...