The Different Forms of Flowers on Plants of the Same Species

by Charles Darwin
$4.31
eBook

Publisher: Some Good Press

Publication Date: March 12, 2015

ISBN: 9781681059419

Binding: Kobo eBook

Availability: eBook

Get eBook
Using the four classifications established by Carl Linnaeus (hermaphroditic, monoecious, dioecious, polygamous), Darwin concentrated on two divisions of the hermaphroditic class, namely the cleistogamic and heterostyled.

Darwin’s reflections indicate the economy of nature through a process of gradual modification of plants, their structures being modified and degraded for the purpose of the large scale production of seed which is necessary and advantageous for survival. Darwin states : “Cleistogamic flowers … are admirably fitted to yield a copious supply of seed at a wonderfully small cost to the plant.”