Neuronal Tissue-Nonspecific Alkaline Phosphatase (TNAP)

by Caroline Fonta & László Négyessy
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eBook

Publisher: Springer Netherlands

Series: Subcellular Biochemistry

Publication Date: May 23, 2016

ISBN: 9789401771979

Binding: Kobo eBook

Availability: eBook

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Phosphatases, such as TNAP are fundamental in regulating the roles of cellular, and consequently numerous body functions. TNAP is a ubiquitous enzyme with a wide spectrum of substrates and specificity. Regulation at the cellular level and the lack of TNAP activity is a lethal condition. Recent findings of a highly specific regional, laminar and subcellular localization of TNAP in the cerebral cortex indicates that in addition to its metabolic and skeletal functions, TNAP also plays a role in regulating cerebral functions, most probably cognition. In fact, TNAP disturbance could result in complex diseases such as epilepsy, developmental retardation and Alzheimer's disease. Available data suggest that, regarding brain functions, TNAP is a potentially important target of clinical research. This book aims to provide an overview of our current understanding of the functions of TNAP in the brain and on other tissues and organs.