Learning And Behavior

A Contemporary Synthesis
by Mark E. Bouton
$179.95

Publisher: Oxford University Press USA

Publication Date: December 04, 2017

ISBN: 9780878933853

Binding: Paperback

Availability: 7-14 Days

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Research on fundamental learning processes continues to tell an important and interesting story. In the second edition of Learning and Behavior: A Contemporary Synthesis, Mark Bouton recounts that story, providing an in-depth but highly readable review of modern learning and behaviour theory that is informed by the history of the field. The text reflects the author's conviction that the study of animal learning has a central place in psychology, and that understanding its principles and theories is important for students, psychologists, and scientists in related disciplines (e.g., behavioural neuroscience and clinical psychology).Almost all of the chapters are organised to illustrate how knowledge is accumulated through the systematic development of theory and research. The book opens with a brief history that connects the modern issues with their philosophical and biological roots. Chapter 2 addresses the idea that basic learning processes are designed to help an organism adapt to a changing world; in the process, it introduces the reader to a wide range of interesting examples of learning. After analysing some fundamental phenomena in Pavlovian learning, the book then provides a very clear and readable review of modern conditioning theories since the Rescorla-Wagner model, discusses memory retrieval and behaviour-system processes that govern performance, and addresses the question of whether the laws of learning and behaviour uncovered in the laboratory maze and Skinner box have generality-by studying learning in honey bees and categorisation and causal judgements and proposition learning in humans. Instrumental learning is then discussed from various perspectives in chapters on behaviour and its consequences (research in behaviour analysis and behavioural economics), how stimuli guide instrumental action (a survey of the field of animal cognition), and how motivation influences instrumental action. The final chapter reviews and integrates the major themes of the book, desc