Publisher: Kenneth Kee
Publication Date: May 08, 2019
Binding: Kobo eBook
This book describes Erysipelas, Diagnosis and Treatment and Related Diseases
Erysipelas is a bacterial infection in the upper layer of the skin.
It is similar to another skin disorder known as cellulitis, which is an infection in the lower layers of the skin.
Both conditions are similar in appearance and are treated in the same way.
Erysipelas involves the upper dermis and extends into the superficial cutaneous lymphatics.
It is also termed St Anthony's fire due to the intense rash linked with it.
Erysipelas is usually caused by the Group A Streptococcus bacterium, the same bacterium that causes strep throat.
Erysipelas occurs when Group A Streptococcus bacteria penetrate the outer barrier of the skin.
These bacteria normally live on the skin and other surfaces without causing any harm.
However, they can enter the skin through a cut or a sore and cause an infection.
Conditions that cause breaks in the skin, such as athlete’s foot and eczema, can sometimes lead to erysipelas.
The infection results in large, raised red patches on the skin.
This is sometimes accompanied by other symptoms, including blisters, fevers, and chills.
Erysipelas most frequently occurs on the face 20% and legs 80%.
Erysipelas may also occur when the bacteria spread to nasal passages following an infection in the nose and throat.
Erysipelas often improves with treatment.
The infection can usually be treated effectively with antibiotics.
Unlike cellulitis, almost all erysipelas is caused by Group A beta hemolytic streptococci (Streptococcus pyogenes).
Staphylococcus aureus, including methicillin-resistant strains (MRSA), Streptococcus pneumoniae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Yersinia enterocolitica, and Hemophilus influenzae have also been found rarely to cause erysipelas.
Symptoms and signs of erysipelas are normally abrupt in onset ...