Delirium, (Confusional State) A Simple Guide To The Condition, Diagnosis, Treatment And Related Conditions

by Kenneth Kee

Publisher: Kenneth Kee

Publication Date: June 11, 2018

ISBN: 9780463818374

Binding: Kobo eBook

Availability: eBook

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This book describes the Delirium, Diagnosis, Treatment and Related Conditions

I was going to write about confusion (like how blurred a person) but apparently delirium also has the same connotation but more severe.

Delirium is a medical disorder which causes sudden severe confusion due to rapid changes in brain function that occurs with physical or mental illness.


Delirium has most frequently been the result of physical or mental illness, and is usually temporary and reversible.

Many illnesses cause delirium.

The medical disorders are those that do not permit the brain to get sufficient oxygen or other substances.

Causes are:

  1. Alcohol or sedative drug withdrawal

  2. Drug abuse

  3. Electrolyte or other body chemical disturbances

  4. Infections such as urinary tract infections or pneumonia (more likely in people who already have brain damage from stroke or dementia)

  5. Poisons

  6. Surgery


The common signs of delirium are the decreased attention span and a waxing and waning form of confusion.

A rapid change between mental conditions (for example, from lethargy to agitation and back to lethargy) also occurs in delirium.

Symptoms are:

  1. Clouding of consciousness or awareness

  2. Difficulty maintaining or shifting attention (typically more alert in the morning, less attentive at night)

  3. Confusion (disorientation) about time or place

  4. Illusions - Changes in feeling (sensation) and perception

  5. Hallucinations

  6. Fluctuating levels of consciousness - Changes in level of consciousness

  7. Dysphasia

  8. Dysarthria - Disorganized thinking, such as talking in a way that does not make ...