Publisher: Kenneth Kee
Publication Date: October 13, 2017
Binding: Kobo eBook
Cleft lip and palate (CLP) are frequent birth defects that involve the upper lip and the roof of the mouth.
In spite of the fact that it is an isolated birth defect on its own, it is also linked with other syndromes or genetic conditions that are inherited.
Cleft lip and cleft palate (CLP) or orofacial clefts are cracks or openings on the mouth's roof or the upper lip or both mouths' roof and upper lip.
Failure of the facial structures to fully form totally in unborn babies gives rise to cleft lip and cleft palate (CLP) or orofacial clefts.
An opening or a break on the mouth's roof is called a cleft palate.
The mouths roof at the front which is hard (the hard palate) or the soft portion at the mouth's roof (the soft palate) may be affected with the cleft palate.
Cleft lip and palate (CLP) is a comparatively frequent, non-life-threatening abnormality which can have substantial effect on maternal bonding
In the course of formation in the womb, the structures producing the upper palate or lip do not succeed to come together properly and it provides rise to a cleft palate or lip.
The cause is not known in most cases, but it is seen to be the combination of environmental (external) and genetic (internal) factors.
The lip has normally formed by 5-6 weeks of intrauterine life.
The palate has formed by 10 weeks.
The cleft may be seen by high-resolution ultrasound at 20 weeks of gestation.
Diagnosis is normally made after delivery.
There are many reasons causing cleft lip and palate.
The disorders with genes passed down from 1 or both parents, drugs, viruses, or other toxins can all produce these birth defects.
Cleft lip and palate may happen along with other syndromes or birth defects.
A cleft lip and palate can:
1. Affect the appearance of the face
2. Result in problems with feeding and speech