Bone, Functions, Diseases, A Simple Guide To The Condition, Diagnosis, Treatment And Related Conditions

by Kenneth Kee

Publisher: Kenneth Kee

Publication Date: February 12, 2019

ISBN: 9780463617021

Binding: Kobo eBook

Availability: eBook

Get eBook

This book describes the Bone, Functions, Diseases, Diagnosis and Treatment and Related Diseases
Bones are rigid organs that provide support and protection of the different organs of the body, produce red and white blood cells and store minerals.
Bone tissue is a form of dense connective tissue.
The bones that comprise the skeleton are all very much alive, growing and changing all the time like other parts of the body.
Almost every bone in the body is composed of the same materials:
The outer surface of bone is a thin, dense membrane that has nerves and blood vessels nourishing the bone.
The next layer is composed of compact bone.
It is the component a person sees when a person looks at a skeleton.
Inside the compact bone are many layers of cancellous bone, which appears a bit like a sponge.
Cancellous bone is not quite as solid as compact bone, but it is still very strong.
In many bones, the cancellous bone guards the innermost part of the bone, the bone marrow.
Bones have eleven main functions:

  1. Mechanical Protection of internal organs such as the skull protecting the brain or the ribs guarding the heart and lungs.
  2. Structure: The bones supply a frame to keep the body supported.
  3. Movement using bones, skeletal muscles, tendons, ligaments and joints
  4. Sound transduction in the mechanical action of hearing.
  5. Blood production in the bone marrow
  6. Metabolic - Mineral storage
  7. Growth factor storage such as
    a.Insulin-like growth factors
    b.Transforming growth factor
    c.Bone morphogenetic proteins
  8. Fat storage: The yellow bone marrow functions as a storage reserve of fatty acids.
  9. Acid-base balance
  10. Detoxification: The bone tissues can also keep heavy metals and other foreign elements, eliminating them from the blood
  11. Endocrine organ: The bone regulates phosphate ...