Atherosclerosis, (Vascular Thickening) A Simple Guide To The Condition, Treatment And Related Conditions

by Kenneth Kee

Publisher: Kenneth Kee

Publication Date: December 15, 2016

ISBN: 9781370284849

Binding: Kobo eBook

Availability: eBook

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Atherosclerosis is a degenerative disease due to the thickening of arterial wall.
Atherosclerosis is a disease in which plaque builds up inside the arteries.
Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood to the heart and other parts of the body.
Plaque is made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium and other substances found in the blood.
Over time plaque hardens and narrows the arteries.
This limits the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the organs and other parts of the body.
Atherosclerosis can lead to serious problems including heart attack, stroke or even death.
Causes of atherosclerosis
1. Smoking
2. High amounts of certain fats and cholesterol in the blood
3. High blood pressure
4. High amounts of sugar in the blood due to insulin resistance or diabetes
Plaque may begin to build up where the arteries are damaged.
Over time plaque hardens and narrows the arteries.
Eventually an area of plaque can rupture (break open).
When this happens, blood cell fragments called platelets stick to the site of the injury.
They may clump together to form blood clots.
Clots narrow the arteries even more limiting the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the body.
Depending on which arteries are affected, blood clots can worsen angina (chest pain) or cause a heart attack or stroke.
Treatments for atherosclerosis may include lifestyle changes, medicines, and medical procedures or surgery.
The goals of treatment include:
a. Relieving symptoms
b. Reducing risk factors in an effort to slow or stop the buildup of plaque
c. Lowering the risk of blood clots forming
d. Widening or bypassing plaque-clogged arteries
Treatment is by:
1.Lifestyle changes such as losing weight, exercise, no smoking and alcohol or stress
2.Lowering lipids such as statiins and fibrates
3.Blood thinners such as aspirin and warfarin
Surgeries and procedures for ...