1984

by George Orwell
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Publication Date: December 21, 2012

ISBN: 1230000040409

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The readers' poll for the best novels published in the English language since 1900 closed on 20 October 1998, with 217,520 votes cast. NINETEEN EIGHT-FOUR, was place number 6 out of the best 100 novels.
   George Orwell, wrote most of Nineteen Eighty-Four on the island of Jura, Scotland, during 1947–1948 while critically ill with tuberculosis. He sent the final typescript to his friends Secker and Warburg on 4 December 1948, who published the book on 8 June 1949.

  Although the novel has been banned or challenged in some countries, it is, along with Brave New World by Aldous Huxley, and Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury, among the most famous literary representations of dystopia. In 2005, Time magazine listed it among the hundred best English-language novels published since 1923.

     The novel's title, its terms and its language (Newspeak), and its author's surname are bywords for personal privacy lost to national state security. The adjective "Orwellian" denotes totalitarian action and organisation; the phrase: Big Brother is Watching You connotes pervasive, invasive surveillance. The following quotation from the novel has become famous:

      War is Peace
    Freedom is Slavery
    Ignorance is Strength

     Orwell got the idea for 1984 when he saw in the newspapers of London that listed how much the country's supplies increased during World War II when they were actually very low and were getting smaller. With his knowledge of communism after living in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics for five years, he started writing a political satire of the possible condition of Britain in 50 years. The book mainly satires communism with a dystopian society. Although Orwell agreed with socialism, he hated ...